This Research Project was conducted by Jacqueline Joynt.
People with intellectual disabilities evaluate themselves through their participation in activities that are accepted as the social norm (Zetlin & Turner, 1988) with social comparison theory (Festingar, 1954) proposing that people have a drive to evaluate themselves with others. People with disabilities are cited as making comparisons with people with no disability which can motivate a stigmatised group to improve their status (Miller & Kaiser, 2001) (Wolfensberger 1983). Meaningful participation in society by people with an intellectual disability has been shown to be low and challenging (Central Statistics Office [CSO] 2012; Cøbigo and Hall 2009; Hall 2005), though current worldwide policy is moving towards changing this (United Nations [UN] 2006; Jackson 2011; Tosserbro et al., 2012; Bigby, 2012). Festina Lente has developed a Horse Retirement Programme (HRP) where a group of men and women with an intellectual disability ensure the welfare of the retired horses. This research explores the impact of this programme on the self-worth and personal responsibility of the participants.
This qualitative study involved data collection through a series of focus discussion groups and interviews with the participants (N=7). Interviews were transcribed as text for thematic analysis providing the flexibility of allowing the process of coding to occur naturally in the absence of a pre-existing theory (Braun & Clarke, 2006). Video footage was also taken and analysed to support emerging themes. This research was conducted in line with best ethical practice (Sociological Association of Ireland [SAI]).
Findings suggest that participation in the HRP correlated not only with the emerging themes of confidence, achievement, respect and fulfilment which map onto the domain of self-worth but also with the theme of accountable, which maps onto the domain of personal responsibility.
This study demonstrates the importance of a meaningful activity for adults with an intellectual disability in making a valued and valuable contribution to society – in this context the management and welfare of a herd of retired horses. It also adheres to key requirements in new and current policy surrounding disability services worldwide and in Ireland and necessary for providing societal involvement for people with a disability.
About the Researcher
Jacqueline Joynt, Manager of Training and Day Services in Festina Lente
Jacqueline Joynt has worked in Festina Lente since January 2013 initially as a Day Service Facilitator to adults with disabilities and currently as the Manager of Training and Day Services. Jacqueline is committed to bringing current policy into these services so that participants can be fully included in society, be given equal opportunities and enjoy the same rights and responsibilities as those who don’t have disabilities.
Jacqueline holds a Master’s Degree in Social Science (Social Policy) awarded by the National University of Ireland (UCD) and has gained a vast amount of experience working with children and adults with disabilities in different capacities over the past 15 years. Jacqueline has previously been involved in research investigating external forces that prohibit people with disabilities from participating fully in society and with this research is hoping to investigate external forces that include people with disabilities in society and in turn increase their self-worth and personal responsibility. Jacqueline presented this study at the HETI 2015 Congress.